Things to Know About Nail Fungus

Your fingers are prone to various injuries and infections, and nail fungus infections are among them.

Fungus infections affect both fingernails and toenails, and they’re very common. Therefore, knowledge about what they are, their causes, and their treatments is important.

Nail Fungus Infections

Fungus infections happen everywhere and show themselves through different symptoms.


You can try different home remedies to cure the infection. Or you can visit to get some ideas about the treatments.

What are the causes of nail fungus infection?

Nail fungus infections can be caused by a plethora of risk factors.


On the one hand, infections can be due to activities and habits, such as:


  • Poor hygiene
  • Wearing artificial nails
  • Exposure to damp public places
  • Swimming in public pools too often
  • Sharing personal items, like slippers, with someone who has a fungus infection


On the other hand, individuals can also suffer from nail fungus infection if they have health conditions such as:


  • Poor blood circulation, especially to the feet and hands
  • Nail injuries
  • Heavy sweating, especially in athletes
  • Weakened immune system
  • Diabetes


Old age can also be a factor, as the more we age, the more we are susceptible to weakened immune systems and other illnesses.


If a person is exposed to these risk factors, he or she should watch out for signs and symptoms of nail fungus infection.

What are the symptoms?

You can search for telltale signs of nail fungus infections, although not all infections look the same.


The common symptoms of nail fungus infection include:


  • White and/or yellow streaks
  • Flaking white spots
  • Scaling under the nails
  • Pits in the nail
  • Crumbling of the nail
  • Yellow spots near or at the bottom of the nail
  • Thickening
  • Brittleness
  • Unpleasant odour
  • Loss of nail


Even though you might have only one or two of these symptoms, if you suspect you have an infection, it’s best to take remedies or consult a doctor as soon as possible.

What remedies can you use?

You can try different nail fungus infection remedies at home, or you can undergo different treatments. What matters is that you don’t ignore the infection and try to cure it early on.


Home remedies include the use of:


  • Vicks VapoRub
  • Listerine
  • Garlic
  • Oregano oil
  • Tea tree oil
  • Other essential oils and plant extracts


Meanwhile, these remedies are not all proven by science, so proceed with care.


And if the infection is confirmed and more serious, you might want to consider taking the following treatments:


  • Prescription topical solutions – these include medical solutions like Ciclopirox, Efinaconazole, and other antifungal and antimicrobial treatments.
  • Prescription oral medications – these include Griseofulvin, Terbinafine, and Itraconazole.
  • Laser therapy – uses the application of light-activated agents. However, laser treatment’s effectiveness is still disputed.
  • Special nail lacquer – this treatment changes the condition surrounding the nail so the fungus cannot grow.


The best solution is still prevention. Make sure you have proper hygiene as well as healthy habits to prevent fungus growth.


Or if you have underlying conditions such as diabetes or poor immune system, consult your doctor for the most appropriate treatment.